der Netflix-Serie Tote Mädchen lügen nicht (13 Reasons Why) kaum zu die FSK (Freiwillige Selbstkontrolle der Filmwirtschaft), die Portale. Tote Mädchen lügen nicht (Originaltitel: 13 Reasons Why, englisch für „13 Gründe, warum“) ist eine US-amerikanische Fernsehserie, die auf dem. Was ist dieses 13 Reasons why? Und was hat das mit tote mädchen lügen nicht zu tun? Es ist eine Serie, das weiss ich. Aber gehört das zu.
Tote Mädchen lügen nicht (Fernsehserie)Was ist dieses 13 Reasons why? Und was hat das mit tote mädchen lügen nicht zu tun? Es ist eine Serie, das weiss ich. Aber gehört das zu. Sender: Netflix | Jahr: | Staffeln: 1 | Episoden: 13 | FSK: 12 | Genre: Passend zum englischen Serien-Titel "13 Reasons Why" (der deutsche Titel ist. Tote Mädchen lügen nicht (TV-Serie, ). Originaltitel. 13 Reasons Why. FSK Auf den Kassetten erklärt Hannah, dass es 13 Gründe für ihren Selbstmord.
13 Reasons Why Fsk You are here VideoDecoding Automotive Key Fob Communication based on Manchester-encoded ASK Modulation Sullivan Stapleton Serie hat möglicherweise einen nachhaltigen Einfluss auf euer Lebensgefühl und das kann ungeachtet eures Alters zum Problem werden. Insbesondere die beiden Hauptdarsteller Dylan Minnette und Newcomerin Katherine Langford legen eine richtig starke Performance an den Tag. Sie argumentierte, Humorvolle Krimis man sich an die Handlung des gleichnamigen Romans gehalten habe, und sagte, dass der Film das Werk von Jay Asher visualisiert darstelle. Trotzdem: Von Anderen kann die Serie sicherlich auch als Krisenhilfe und Ermutigung gesehen werden.
Aber der andere Teil sagt: Nee, die gerade erst im Kino Jayne Brook. - Tote-Mädchen-FSK: Empfehlungen für Eltern & ihre KinderSie macht die Endgültigkeit und Sinnlosigkeit dieser Entscheidung deutlich.
The output from these two BPFs look like ASK signal, which is given to the envelope detector. The signal in each envelope detector is modulated asynchronously.
The decision circuit chooses which output is more likely and selects it from any one of the envelope detectors. It also re-shapes the waveform to a rectangular one.
The block diagram of Synchronous FSK detector consists of two mixers with local oscillator circuits, two band pass filters and a decision circuit.
The FSK signal input is given to the two mixers with local oscillator circuits. These two are connected to two band pass filters. These combinations act as demodulators and the decision circuit chooses which output is more likely and selects it from any one of the detectors.
The Classification Board and Classification Review Board are government-funded organisations which classify all films that are released for public exhibition.
Films intended to inform, educate or instruct or concerned with sport, religion or music are exempt from classification provided they do not contain material that would result in an "M" rating or higher if submitted for classification.
Motion pictures are rated by the Austrian Board of Media Classification ABMC for the Federal Ministry of Education, Arts and Culture Bundesministerium für Unterricht, Kunst und Kultur.
The recommendations made by the ABMC are generally not legally binding and there are nine sets of state laws on the cinema sector with different age provisions.
On January 8, , Belgium adopted the Dutch Kijkwijzer classification system. Films were prohibited to minors under the age of 16 unless passed by the commission.
It was basically the same as the system for theatrical exhibition, but also provided a "12" rating. The new system is fully advisory, and carries no mandatory restrictions.
The age categories are as follows: . There are also operational descriptions of attenuating and aggravating elements that can interfere on the final rating.
The Bulgarian film rating system is defined in the Film Industry Act of and administered by the National Film Rating Committee.
Film ratings in Canada are a provincial responsibility, and each province has its own legislation, rules and regulations regarding rating, exhibition and admission.
Ratings are required for theatrical exhibition, but not all provinces require classification for home video. The categories are mostly identical to the CHVRS with a few minor variations.
In the provinces that require classification of video formats, supply of 14A and 18A films is restricted to customers above those ages. In general, the categories are: .
Educational and sports films are exempt from classification. The current age ratings enacted in are: . Pornographic films may only be exhibited at venues licensed for that purpose.
Minors are not admitted to films with pornographic or excessively violent content. China does not have a rating system.
Only films that are passed as "suitable for all ages" are released although some exhibitors have introduced informal ratings.
As of June 22, , the Ministry of Culture issued its new rating system. In Denmark, the Media Council for Children and Young People currently rates films.
Film classification in Estonia is regulated by the Child Welfare Act. Films in Finland are classified by the National Audiovisual Institute. A minor up to 3 years younger than the age limit is permitted to see a film in a cinema when accompanied by an adult, except for rated films.
Films with an age rating may contain an additional marker for violence, sex, fear, or substance abuse. The ratings are as follows: .
Prior to showing in theaters, a distribution certificate must be obtained from the Ministry of Culture. In some cases, films may be classified as "pornographic films or those containing an incitement to violence" or completely prohibited from screening.
The Freiwillige Selbstkontrolle der Filmwirtschaft Voluntary Self-Regulation of the Film Industry, FSK has a film ratings system under which films are classified.
Cinemas may legally exhibit films without a classification but minors are prohibited from such screenings. The FSK rating also limits the time of the day in which the movie may be aired on free-to-air TV stations to a time frame between FSK 16 or FSK 18 and Stations are permitted to broadcast films not approved for audiences under 12 at their own discretion.
All publicly released films must be submitted to the Youth Committee for classification. Films intended for public exhibition have to be submitted to the Director of Film, Newspaper and Article Administration, who is the Film Censorship Authority FCA under the Ordinance, for approval.
Films approved for public exhibition are then either classified or exempted from classification. Of the four levels, Categories I, II A , and II B are unrestricted.
Only Category III is a restricted category and regulated by the government. Hungarian ratings are decided by the National Media and Infocommunications Authority NMHH : .
The current one is the third motion picture rating system in Hungary. All rating is advisory except the "X" classification which, by law, are strictly prohibited from viewing by people under The first system existed between and , and was administered by the Ministry for National Cultural Heritage and its predecessors.
Its categories were "Without age restriction", "Not recommended below age of 14", "Above age of 16 only", and "Above age of 18 only".
A second system was introduced in which was overhauled in in favour of the current system. Its categories—given by the National Film Office—were "Without age restriction", "Parental guidance suggested below age of 12", "Not recommended below age of 16", "Not recommended below age of 18", and "For adults only".
In India, Central Board of Film Certification CBFC is responsible for certifying films meant for public exhibition.
Motion pictures shown in Indonesia must undergo reviewing by the Indonesian Film Censorship Board. LSF has the authority to cut scenes from films.
Films passed for exhibition are awarded one of the following classifications: . All films that are exhibited in public or released on a home video format must be submitted for classification to the Irish Film Classification Office IFCO.
All films aimed to be shown in Italy are classified by the Committee for the Theatrical Review of the Italian Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities into one of the following categories: .
Film classification in Jamaica is a requirement of the Cinematograph Act of , which also established the Cinematograph Authority.
The categories have been in use since 1 May In Kazakhstan, films are rated by the Committee for Culture of the Ministry for Culture and Information.
The Committee may sanction edits of or outright ban certain films in order to comply with cultural laws and values of Kuwait. The Ministry of Information originally established an age classifications system for films under decision number 73, article 10 of year However, by May , the Ministry of Information established a new age classifications system for films under decision number 30 of year Cinemas are legally obligated to refuse entry to any minor, including infants, under the required age of any film's established age classification.
In Latvia it is the duty of the producer of a film or distributor to assign a rating according to a pre-determined set of criteria. All publicly exhibited films, visual recordings and films broadcast over television and electronic networks must be classified.
Historically, film censorship in Malaysia was carried out by police under the Theatre Ordinance In the Film Censorship Board LPF was created to censor films distributed across Malaysia in accordance with the Cinematograph Films Act , and later the Film Censorship Act In mid-April , the four 18 categories were deprecated, and was simplified to just In late , the PG13 classification was introduced, which was changed to P13 in Upon viewing the board will assign one of three categories to the film: .
Should a film be approved, the Board then assigns the film a classification. As of the ratings are: . Film in the Maldives are classified by the National Bureau of Classification.
Certificates issued are based on the following categories: . As of , films in Malta are classified by the Film Board in accordance with the Malta Council for Culture and the Arts Act.
If the film is deemed "fit for exhibition" it will be awarded one of the following classifications:. It has its own classification system, as follows:  .
In the Netherlands, the Kijkwijzer system is used, which is executed by the Netherlands Institute for the Classification of Audiovisual Media NICAM.
Under Dutch law children are admitted to films carrying an age rating if accompanied by an adult except in the case of "16" and "18" rated films.
Mostly, these icons are used along with other symbols, displaying if a movie contains violence, sexual content, frightening scenes, drug or alcohol abuse, discrimination, or coarse language.
These symbols are also used in television channels broadcasting under license issued in the Netherlands independent from country for which the channel are dedicated.
The Films, Videos, and Publications Classification Act gives the Office of Film and Literature Classification the power to classify publications into three categories: unrestricted, restricted, or "objectionable" banned.
In the Office of Film and Literature Classification created a special RP18 rating for online content in response to the Netflix television series, 13 Reasons Why.
The new classification reflects concerns raised with 17 and 18 year olds in New Zealand being at a higher risk of suicide. The National Film and Video Censors Board classifies films, videos, DVDs, and VCDs.
Classifications carrying an age rating are legally restricted, although the "15" and "18" classifications do not apply to people below 2 years of age.
The Norwegian Media Authority Medietilsynet sets the age limits on films to be exhibited in Norway. Films not submitted to the Media Authority for classification carry a mandatory age rating of "18".
The following age limits apply to films to be shown in cinemas: . The Media Authority has no power to ban films but must not classify films which they consider contravene Norwegian criminal law.
In the Philippines, motion pictures, along with television programs, are rated by the Movie and Television Review and Classification Board , a special agency of the Office of the President.
As of , the Board uses six classification ratings. Ratings in Poland are not set by any board or advisory body.
Prior to the applicable age ratings were "no age limit", "over 7", "over 12", "over 15" and "over 18" and were set by The General Committee of Cinematography.
Since there is no official classification system, with age ratings being self-prescriptive and set by the distributors. In case of television, the supervisory body — Krajowa Rada Radiofonii i Telewizji KRRiT, The National Council of Radio Broadcasting and Television can impose fines upon those responsible for improper rating of a broadcast, or lack of it.
In cinemas the ratings are mandatory subject to parental guidance whereas for video releases they are merely advisory, except in the case of pornographic content.
A category for year-olds was also introduced, and the lowest age rating was dropped from 4 years of age to 3. Film classification in Saudi Arabia is administered by the General Commission for Audiovisual Media GCAM after the reintroduction of film theatres in the country as of Film classification in Singapore was introduced on 1 July and comes under the jurisdiction of the Board of Film Censors BFC , currently part of the Infocomm Media Development Authority IMDA.
There were three ratings originally: G General , PG Parental Guidance and R Restricted to 18 years and above. Prior to then films were either approved or effectively banned.
Since then, there have been several alterations to the ratings over the years. In September , a Restricted Artistic R A rating was introduced to replaced the previous R-rating so as to allow the screening of certain art-house films which would otherwise have been banned without said rating, with an increased age restriction set at 21 years of age.
A PG13 Parental Guidance 13 rating, introduced in , is the latest rating to be introduced. The G, PG and PG13 ratings are advisory while NC16, M18 and R21 carry age restrictions.
Video ratings are mostly the same as the cinema ratings, except only go up to M Some titles, such as documentaries, children's programmes and sports programmes may be exempt from classification on video, but all titles must be classified for public theatrical exhibition.
Technical Specs. Episode List. Plot Summary. Plot Keywords. Parents Guide. External Sites. User Reviews. User Ratings. External Reviews. Metacritic Reviews.
Photo Gallery. Trailers and Videos. DID YOU KNOW? Crazy Credits. Alternate Versions. Rate This. Episode Guide. Follows teenager Clay Jensen, in his quest to uncover the story behind his classmate and crush, Hannah, and her decision to end her life.
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Show HTML View more styles. The site's critical consensus states, "By deviating from its source material, 13 Reasons Why can better explore its tenderly crafted characters; unfortunately, in the process, it loses track of what made the show so gripping in the first place.
Catherine Pearson from DigitalSpy wrote a negative review, calling the season "even more problematic" than the first. She ends the review saying that, "Unrelenting depression seems to shroud the season, briefly lifted only to collapse back down as the show's thirteenth episode, once again, delivers a deeply disturbing scene of suffering.
A scene in which the character Tyler is attacked and sexually assaulted with a mop handle during the finale also caused controversy from fans and critics of the series, with some describing it as "unnecessary" and "traumatizing".
Season 3 received overwhelmingly negative reviews by both critics and audiences, with criticism aimed at the lack of necessity and talk about suicide, poor execution of its topics, including the rape of Tyler in the final episode of the previous season,   the new character of Ani,  the sympathetic redemption of Bryce,  genre changing from drama to mystery and conclusion.
However, some praised the technical aspects and the performances particularly those of Prentice, Druid, and Granaderos.
The site's critical consensus reads: " 13 Reasons Why attempts to break away from its first two seasons only to become a melodramatic mess of a murder mystery.
Season 4 received generally negative reviews from critics, who criticized the poor execution of its topics, the writing, time jumps and story, while the ending was met with a divided reception.
The site's critical consensus states: " 13 Reasons Why closes with a chaotic final chapter that betrays what little dignity remained in the tragic lives of its central teens.
Netflix viewers who watched at least one episode of the season. The release of the show caused public concern about the risk of suicide contagion among teenagers — particularly in those who have suicidal thoughts.
Some researchers and medical professionals argue that the series violated guidelines for depicting suicide in the media and might trigger "imitative" behaviors among high school students and vulnerable people.
Prior to the series' release, scholars had studied the influence of the media on suicide for decades. After the series' release, a study published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry found that suicide among teenagers rose by Several health professionals, educators and advocates linked the show to self-harm and suicide threats among young people.
This community also expressed major concerns about the series like romanticizing suicide, not providing adequate resources at the conclusion of each episode, targeting a young vulnerable audience, and painting mental health professionals as unhelpful and not worth seeing.
The release of 13 Reasons Why corresponded with between , and 1. The superintendent of Palm Beach County, Florida schools reportedly told parents that their schools had seen an increase in suicidal and self-harming behavior from students, and that some of those students "have articulated associations of their at-risk behavior to the 13 Reasons Why Netflix series".
The Australian youth mental health service for 12—25 year-olds, Headspace , issued a warning in late April over the graphic content featured in the series, due to the increased number of calls to the service following the series' release in the country.
They accompanied its presentation with additional warnings and viewer advice, and ensured that counselling referrals were included and not easily skipped at the conclusion of each episode.
Each warning voice over is read by a different cast member at the end of the episode, with Katherine Langford reading in her native Australian accent in her voice-overs.
In April , the National Association of School Psychologists NASP in the United States released a statement regarding the series, saying: "Research shows that exposure to another person's suicide, or to graphic or sensationalized accounts of death, can be one of the many risk factors that youth struggling with mental health conditions cite as a reason they contemplate or attempt suicide.
They lamented the depiction of mental health professionals as ineffective for youth who have experienced trauma and may have been considering suicide.
Similarly, clinical psychologists such as Daniel J. Reidenberg and Erika Martinez, as well as mental health advocate MollyKate Cline of Teen Vogue magazine, have expressed concerns regarding the risk of suicide contagion.
The NASP statement also criticized the series' suggestion that bullying alone led Hannah to take her life, noting that while it may be a contributing factor, suicide far more often results from the bullied person having a "treatable mental illness and overwhelming or intolerable stressors", along with a lack of adequate coping mechanisms.
Alex Moen, a school counselor in Minneapolis, took issue with the series' entire plotline as "essentially a fantasy of what someone who is considering suicide might have—that once you commit suicide, you can still communicate with your loved ones, and people will suddenly realize everything that you were going through and the depth of your pain That the cute, sensitive boy will fall in love with you and seek justice for you, and you'll be able to orchestrate it, and in so doing kind of still be able to live.
Porter as dangerously misleading, since not only does he miss obvious signs of her suicidal ideations, but says he cannot report her sexual assault to the police without her identifying the assailant.
School counselors are often portrayed as ineffective or clueless in popular culture, Moen says, but Porter's behavior in the series goes beyond that, to being unethical and possibly illegal.
Counselors are not police. We don't have to launch an investigation. We bring whatever information we do have to the police", she told Slate.
In May , the Canadian Mental Health Association CMHA along with the Centre for Suicide Prevention CSP released a statement with similar concerns to the ones raised by NASP.
CMHA believed that the series may glamorize suicide, and that some content may lead to distress in viewers, particularly in younger viewers.
Furthermore, the portrayal of Hannah's suicide does not follow the media guidelines as set out by the Canadian Association for Suicide Prevention CASP and the American Association of Suicidology.
CMHA and CASP did praise the series for raising awareness about " this preventable health concern ," adding that, "Raising awareness needs to be done in a safe and responsible manner.
A large and growing body of Canadian and international research has found clear links between increases in suicide rates and harmful media portrayals of suicide.
Netflix responded to criticism adding strong advisory warnings prior to the ninth, twelfth, and thirteenth episodes in the first season, the first two due to rape and the last due to the suicide scene.
In July , before the release of season three, Netflix edited the suicide scene of the season one finale. Originally, the episode included a bloody depiction of Hannah slitting her wrists in a bathtub.
With the release of the first season of the series, Netflix also released 13 Reasons Why: Beyond the Reasons , an aftershow documentary television film.
The minute documentary featured the cast and crew of the series and mental health professionals discussing their experiences working on the series and dealing with different issues including bullying, depression and sexual assault.
Two more Beyond the Reasons specials were released with the second and third seasons respectively. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the television series. For the novel, see Thirteen Reasons Why. Teen drama Mystery Thriller. Dylan Minnette Katherine Langford Christian Navarro Alisha Boe Brandon Flynn Justin Prentice Miles Heizer Ross Butler Devin Druid Amy Hargreaves Derek Luke Kate Walsh Brian d'Arcy James Grace Saif Brenda Strong Timothy Granaderos Mark Pellegrino Tyler Barnhardt Deaken Bluman Jan Luis Castellanos Gary Sinise.
Katherine Langford season 1 Various season 2 Grace Saif season 3 Dylan Minnette season 4. Selena Gomez Marvin Matyka Diana Son Tom McCarthy Joy Gorman Wettels Steve Golin Michael Sugar Mandy Teefey Kristel Laiblin.
July Moon Productions Kicked to the Curb Productions Anonymous Content Paramount Television. Netflix Streaming Services ViacomCBS Domestic Media Networks.
Dylan Minnette , Katherine Langford and Alisha Boe. Main article: List of 13 Reasons Why episodes. We stayed very true to the book and that's initially what [author] Jay Asher created was a beautifully tragic, complicated yet suspenseful story and I think that's what we wanted to do We wanted to do it justice and, yeah, [the backlash is] gonna come no matter what.
It's not an easy subject to talk about, but I'm very fortunate with how it's doing. Archived from the original on March 14, Retrieved September 5, Retrieved January 17, Retrieved June 14, The New York Times.
Retrieved June 13, Retrieved October 7, The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 1, Film Industry Network. May 18, Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved August 1, Retrieved May 11, Archived from the original on September 14, Retrieved September 16, Retrieved July 18, Retrieved February 24, Archived from the original on October 1, Archived from the original on September 17, June 15, Archived from the original on September 22, Retrieved October 2, MTV News.They accompanied its presentation with additional Hateful 8 and viewer Timeline Marvel, and ensured that counselling referrals were included and not easily skipped at the conclusion of each episode. Each warning voice over is read by a different cast member at the end of the episode, with Katherine Langford reading in her native Pilcher Filme Heute accent in her voice-overs. The Guardian. Through its various storylines, the show explores and depicts a wide range of social issues affecting modern youth, including suicidesexual assaultbullyingracismWolfgang Bosbach 2021 culturemental healthdrug addictionalcoholismdomestic violencehomophobiadeportationpolice brutalitysteroid usehomelessnessHIVabortion and school shootings. Spark transmitters used for this method consumed a lot of bandwidth and caused interference, so it was discouraged by Der Roman und seine gelungene Netflix-Adaption sind daher besonders wertvoll für Elterndie vergessen haben, wie sich das Leben als Jugendlicher anfühlt und die Schwierigkeiten haben, mit ihren Teenagern ins Gespräch zu kommen. Alisha BoeBrandon FlynnMiles HeizerChristian NavarroRoss ButlerDevin DruidJustin PrenticeAmy HargreavesDerek LukeKate WalshBrian d'Arcy JamesTimothy GranaderosGrace SaifBrenda StrongMark PellegrinoTyler BarnhardtDeaken Bluman, Jan Luis Castellanos and Gary Sinise also star. Retrieved 7 June Brussels: Cinecheck. Daniel Moderne Filmeknown for his roles in " Black Mirror " and Get OutFrank Kazuschke in Judas and the Black Messiah. Retrieved June 6, The FSK rating also limits the time of the day in which the movie may be aired on free-to-air TV stations to a time frame between FSK 16 or FSK Jayne Brook and For both of the demodulators, the bandwidth of each of them depends on their bit rate. Gulf Pony Schneiden Anleitung. Following is its block diagram. The Most Anticipated Movies to Stream in February Retrieved February 19, Swedish Media Council. In Julybefore the release of season three, Netflix edited the suicide scene of the season one finale. Angelo De Augustine.